A Quick History of Lawn Tennis
Tennis is a racket sport and also knows as lawn tennis, it can be played between two opposing players ( singles) or between the two teams of pairs of players each (doubles). The game is played on a rectangular court, which is 78 feet (23.7 meters) long, has 27 feet (8.23 meters) width for a singles player and 36 (10.97 meters) width for double player matches. The distance between the service line and net is 21 feet (6.40 meters).
Each player uses a taut racket that is strung with cord to hit a hollow rubber ball of a specified size and weight, the ball bounce over a net and into the opponent’s court.
When the opponent player fails to correctly return the ball within the prescribed dimensions of the court, points are awarded to the striking player. International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the world governing body of tennis sport, which is responsible for organizing the tennis game according to the rules.
Nobody exactly knows about the invention of modern tennis, but it is clear Major Walter Clopton Wingfield MVO was a Welsh inventor and was one of the pioneers of lawn tennis. He also published the first book of tennis rules in 1873 and took out the patent on the game in 1874.
The first tennis club was established in 1872 by the Englishman Harry Gem and several associates in Leamington. The hourglass shape, stipulated by Wingfield in December 1873 in his booklet “Sphairistike” (Greek word meaning, ball-playing) and was also known as “sticky” (Lawn Tennis). At that time, the governing body of real tennis was the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and in 1875 new standardized set of rules for tennis was established by MCC.
In the 1870s, the game had spread to the United States. Mary Outerbridge (New York) has been credited with bringing a set of rackets and balls from Bermuda. But research has shown that William Appleton of Nahant, Massachusetts with his friends James Dwight and Fred R. Sears popularized the game of lawn tennis.
Tennis is played by millions of players and also a popular worldwide spectator sport. The game of tennis can be played at all ages and at all levels of society, anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchairs users can also play the game of tennis. There are four major Grand Slam tournaments popular, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, and the Australian Open and the US Open played on hard courts