A Quick History of Lawn Tennis

Tennis is a racket sport and also knows as lawn tennis, it can be played between two opposing players ( singles) or between the two teams of pairs of players each (doubles). The game is played on a rectangular court, which is  78 feet (23.7 meters) long, has 27 feet (8.23 meters) width for a singles player and  36 (10.97 meters) width for double player matches. The distance between the service line and net is 21 feet (6.40 meters).

Each player uses a taut racket that is strung with cord to hit a hollow rubber ball of a specified size and weight, the ball bounce over a net and into the opponent’s court.

When the opponent player fails to correctly return the ball within the prescribed dimensions of the court, points are awarded to the striking player. International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the world governing body of tennis sport, which is responsible for organizing the tennis game according to the rules.

History

Nobody exactly knows about the invention of modern tennis, but it is clear Major Walter Clopton Wingfield MVO was a Welsh inventor and was one of the pioneers of lawn tennis. He also published the first book of tennis rules in 1873 and took out the patent on the game in 1874.

harry gemThe first tennis club was established in 1872 by the Englishman Harry Gem and several associates in Leamington. The hourglass shape, stipulated by Wingfield in December 1873 in his booklet “Sphairistike” (Greek word meaning, ball-playing) and was also known as “sticky” (Lawn Tennis). At that time, the governing body of real tennis was the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and in 1875 new standardized set of rules for tennis was established by MCC.

In the 1870s, the game had spread to the United States. Mary Outerbridge (New York) has been credited with bringing a set of rackets and balls from Bermuda. But research has shown that William Appleton of Nahant, Massachusetts with his friends James Dwight and Fred R. Sears popularized the game of lawn tennis.

Popularity

Tennis is played by millions of players and also a popular worldwide spectator sport. The game of tennis can be played at all ages and at all levels of society, anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchairs users can also play the game of tennis. There are four major Grand Slam tournaments popular, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, and the Australian Open and the US Open played on hard courts

Cricket is One of the Most Opular & Oldest Sport

Today Cricket is one of the most popular & oldest sport, the history of cricket starts in the late 16th century. It became England’s national sport in the 18th century and has advanced throughout the world in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Cricket is played on a field with a bat and ball and involves two teams of eleven players each. The cricket field is usually circular with a rectangular area in the centre known as pitch, two sets of three wooden sticks topped by two bails are placed at each end on the pitch. The pitch is a flat surface with 22 yards (20m) by feet and 3 meters (9.8 ft) wide.

The edge of the playing area is known as a boundary, which may be a rope, fence, painted line, part of stands or a combination of these.

Each team has to bat and bowl in their turn and each turn is known as innings. Depending on the prearranged duration of the match, teams have to play one or two innings each to score the most runs. The bowlers try to hit the wicket with the ball by delivering the ball with a straight arm. The batting side scores run by striking the ball with the bat, on the other side the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent the score and dismiss each player.

On the batting side, two batsmen up at a time and the striker batsman tries to hit the ball away from the wicket. A hit may be offensive or defensive depends upon the situation of the match. There is always a chance to lose a wicket while offensive hit. A defensive hit may protect the wicket on the crease but leave a batman with no run on the board. No runs on the board create high pressure on the striker batsman, that’s why bowler can get wicket by bowling good length.

According to a report by the BBC top sports stars and athletes are at a higher risk of becoming addicted to gambling. A competitive nature and money to burn along with plenty of spare time when not in training mean sportsmen and women tend to bet more regularly on horses & spend huge amounts of money playing with even the best casino offers.

If a ball hit goes to the fielder’s hands and batmen have enough time to reach the opposite wicket, then one or two-runs is scored on the board. But If the ball hits the ground and then reaches straight to the boundary, four points on the board and if it reaches the boundary from the air, six points are counts against the bowling side. The team with the highest number of runs against another team wins a match.

There are various formats of cricket ranging from Test matches to Twenty20 and 50 overs games. Test matches are played over five days having two innings for each team and with unlimited overs. Traditionally cricketer plays in all-white kits, but in limited-overs cricket, the teams wear colour kit. The twenty20 format is one of the more popular formats of today’s cricket game.